- rough [ruf]adj.[ME ruh, rugh < OE ruh, akin to Ger rauh < IE * reuk < base * reu-, to tear, tear out (> RUG, ROTTEN): prob. basic sense “hairy, woolly”]1.a) not smooth or level; having bumps, projections, etc.; uneven [a rough surface]b) not easily traveled over or through because rocky, overgrown, wild, etc. [rough country]2. shaggy or bristly [an animal with a rough coat]3. characterized by violent action, motion, agitation, disturbance, or irregularity; specif.,a) stormy; tempestuous [rough weather]b) boisterous or disorderly [rough play]4. harsh, rude, brutal, etc.; not gentle or mild [a rough temper]5. sounding harsh; discordant; jarring6. tasting harsh or astringent [rough wine]7. coarse, as texture, cloth, food, etc.8. coarse in manner, tastes, etc.; lacking refinement or culture [rough men, rough language]9. lacking refinements, comforts, and conveniences [the rough life of a pioneer]10. not refined, polished, or prepared; natural, crude, etc. [a rough diamond]11. not finished, elaborated, perfected, etc. [a rough sketch]12. not worked out in detail; without claim to be exact or complete; approximate [a rough estimate]13. requiring muscular energy rather than skill or intelligence [rough labor]14. Informal difficult, severe, or disagreeable [a rough time]15. Phonet. articulated with an aspirate; having the sound (h)n.1. rough ground2. rough material or condition3. the rough part, aspect, etc. of something☆ 4. a rough sketch or draft5. Chiefly Brit. a rough person; rowdy; tough6. Golf any part of the course where grass, weeds, etc. are allowed to grow, uncut, forming a hazard or obstacleadv.1. in a rough manner; roughly2. Brit. without shelter; outdoors [to sleep rough]vt.1. to make rough; roughen: often with up2.a) to handle or treat roughly or brutally: usually with upb) Football etc. to subject (an opponent) to intentional and unnecessary roughness3. to make, fashion, sketch, shape, or cut roughly: usually with in or out [to rough out a scheme]4. to apply some preparatory or preliminary process or treatment tovi.1. Rare to become rough2. to behave roughly [a penalty for roughing]——————in the roughin a rough or crude state——————rough itto live without customary comforts and conveniences, as in campingroughishadj.roughlyadv.roughnessn.
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.